Human beings are not the only Earth’s smart creatures.
Research shows that some animals are far smarter than people realize, according to National Geographic.
In this respect, we have created a list for some of the most intelligent animals in the world.
Both small and large animals made up the list and proved that larger species are not always better in terms of brains.
Top 10 smartest animals:
Why are bees Intelligent –
Honeybees have developed through “swarm intelligence,” with as many as 50,000 workers working together in a single colony taking democratic decisions.
During the spring when a hive becomes overcrowded, colonies send Scouts to find a new place to stay in If scouts disagree with the colony’s next hive, they argue their case peacefully: a dance-off.
In a quest to convince other scouts of the merit of their spot, each scout performs a “waggle dance.”
The more enthusiastic the dance, the happier the scout was with its newfound place.
The rest of the colony votes with their bodies, they fly to the place they prefer and join the dance moves so far as the # 1 bee disco of the local reigns.
Regrettably, how awesome it would be if only Congress settled its disputes in the “dance-off” way.
Neuropsychiatrist Jon Lieff observed, “They have a kaleidoscopic memory of every flower for miles, and learn from wise elders where the best flowers are.”
Why are squirrels are Intelligent –
Squirrels are fast learners and learn from their peers, according to a recent Science Daily study.
Food stealing is the squirrels-passing trick. Recent researchers reported that rodents showed advanced caching to counteract robbery.
When squirrels see humans stealing their peanuts, this behavior develops in the experiment.
The scientists have asked for a sign that squirrels could perceive other’s actions but only learned behavior.
Squirrels who knew that they were being observed dug fake bins for their nuts, digging holes and patting them with sand, covering their precious nuts under their armpits or mouth until they could find some good place to hide.
In the scent of rattlesnakes amid California, researchers found squirrels are covering their fur to mask the smell of predators.
Why are octopus is Intelligent –
We can say that among invertebrates Octopuses are the among leas expected yet most intelligent animals ranked.
The tricks used to detect the enemy and locate them is proof, to show the intellectual power of these multi-armed creatures.
Don’t be fooled by those squishy hands.
According to researchers, Octopuses are extremely smart and can communicate their details like cultural information, mimicry, and communication using colors and patterns.
Octopuses have the biggest brain compared to the rest of the invertebrates.
An average Octopus has about 130 million brain neurons.
There are 100 billion neurons in the human brain. Three-fifths of the neurons octopus has, however, is not limited to the brain.
Each arm has a mind that is it’s own so it can wander and even take food as it was still attached before cutting off (Octopus can regrow the new like Deadpool).
Why are parrots are Intelligent –
Parrots are considered as intelligent as a child, that’s why parrot is the only one of the two birds listed among the top 10 smartest animals.
These birds solve puzzles and also know the cause-and-effect notions.
Among them is the African Gray parrot, a bird renowned for its incredible memory and counting ability.
African Gray Parrots can learn and use a huge number of human words to communicate with people.
We all know how ingenious parrots are, but are they all capable of doing just that? No!
Over the years, there have been several studies on different parrot types to determine what they can and how intelligent they are.
Alex (an African Grey Parrot) was the subject of a 30-year study that found that he was as clever as a 5-year-old human!
Alex can identify over fifty objects, five shapes, differentiate colors, and can recognize up to six numbers.
Not only that, but Alex had more than a hundred words in his vocabulary, too!
Perhaps most interestingly, was Alex’s ability to ask a question.
He asked, “What color?” when looking at his own self in the mirror?
After being told six times, he learned the word “Grey.”
This is extremely important as Alex was the first-ever non-human animal to ask a question.
While animals like dolphins and primates can answer questions, no one has ever asked a question.
Parrots could seem to be fully aware of their surroundings and own existence.
6. Crows and Ravens
Why are crows are Intelligent –
Corvids like crows and ravens have long before much study has been carried out in this area, for their intelligence.
They have complex social systems, besides being one of the few species that can use tools to find food and solve problems.
Some crows or ravens have an incredible memory to remember people’s faces.
It is found that crows have a social system and communicate with each other using gestures.
It’s bad news because the words among them will spread and the flock may dive and strike heads for the people who have harmed one of them.
We now learn that crows are smart enough to open hard-to-crack nuts by using as can figure out how to complete a complicated array of occurrences to solve a puzzle.
Why are pigs are Intelligent –
Pigs are among the most intelligent animals in the world, according to critics.
It is found that they are wiser & cleaner than cats or dogs (the reason pigs go around in the mud is not because they like to get dirty but because they have no sweat glands like us to cool off them).
Researchers that studied the pigs have learned they have excellent long-term memories, can solve puzzles easily, can understand a simple symbolic language, like to play and play-fights with one another, can learn to operate a joystick to move an on-screen cursor (get ready to be defeated on Fortnite next time by a pig).
4. Dogs (Canidae family)
Why are dogs are Intelligent –
There would be no smartest animals list without Man’s best friends, our very own pet dog.
We, humans, use that intelligence for both personal and official protection.
Dogs understand empathy, show compassion, and have good gesture awareness.
The average dog knows about 165 human words, according to the canine intelligence specialist Stanley Coren.
A dog of Chaser border collie breed showed a 1022 word understanding.
I need not provide the evidence if you already own a dog.
For example, they can learn to sit, lie down and fetch, also they can read the intentions their owner too (Notice your dog when you really have a plan to take them out for a walk).
Researchers found that in reaction to nonverbal data, they can at least find food, a form of awareness which scientists think is close to the human ability to comprehend another’s viewpoints.
But sometimes dogs can get dangerous too if their mental health is not enough stimulated.
What if I say you that even their cousins like Wolves, Coyotes, Jackals, Foxes are far smarter than an average dog?
It is true as you may have heard expressions like ‘crafty wolf’ or ‘cunning as a fox.’
This may sound like mystical characters from folktales, but in reality, these wild canines are much cunning than we really know.
Why are elephants are Intelligent –
Elephants have a reputation for smarts and have incredible memories (sometimes more than us).
They can remember certain routes over incredible stretches of land and for many years to watering holes — and unlike us, they never forget a friend (elephant or human).
A female elephant named Shirley arrived at The Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee in 1999.
An elephant named Jenny soon got excited and playful immediately.
It was a strange elephant behavior as elephants need some time to develop friendship, nor was it love at first sight.
After some background research, it was found that 22 years ago, they used to perform in a circus together for a brief time.
In the wild, these extremely social animals are helpful, compassionate and empathetic.
Their trunks and feet can cause seismic (land vibrations) activity, which makes it possible to communicate with other long distant elephants.
Elephants are probably the only animals that use seismic waves to communicate.
Researchers observed elephants use tools such as sticks to sway off ticks or with palm fronds to swat at flies.
Because of the sheer size of their brains, elephants need to know anything or two about the world.
We could see family members manage comfortably, help another species in times of need, play with water and communicate with each other through vibration in their feet.
An achievement, according to some researchers, was the recognition in the mirror of this female Asian elephant named Happy.
Only humans, great apes, and dolphins have this complex behavior of self-recognition.
Why are bees Intelligent –
Dolphins, after humans, have a high brain-to-body ratio.
Their trainers observed that Dolphins have some ability to understand emotions and can intentionally mimic stupid apes that research them.
Findings from the Marine Mammal Studies Institute in Mississippi show that dolphins can be the second sneakiest animal on earth.
When dolphins were trained in their tanks to pick litter and exchange them with trainers for fish, a dolphin named Kelly found a way to game the system.
Kelly discreetly tore single sheets of waste paper into multiple pieces by burying litter under a rock in her tank and then used to exchange that piece for fish.
Kelly’s smart deception was not an accident; researchers say she did this practice deliberately.
Bottlenose Dolphins are one of just a handful of animal species that produce their own vocal signature sounds by using vocal learning.
Early in life, every dolphin creates a unique vocal whistle that gives an individual identity of its own.
Since each whistle is different, dolphins can call each other by mimicking a dolphin with a whistle.
It is the same as calling one another by name as we humans do.
Most dolphins build strong social relationships to remain with the group’s injured and sick members to help them breathe onto the surface of the water if needed.
Sometimes, Dolphins also protects human swimmers from sharks by swimming around them or rushing at the sharks to scare them away.
It is also known that dolphins team up with people to catch fish.
Dolphins scare off fish to the from deep waters towards the shore towards fishermen ready to drop their nets.
Not just that, when it is time to drop the nets, the Dolphins signal fishers, who then catch some fish.
Now that’s an example of what we can call brilliant teamwork.
In Australia, some dolphins use a sponge to protect their nose from hunting on the ocean floor, a behavior that parents pass to offspring.
There are countless examples to prove dolphins smartness which we couldn’t include in our list.
1. Chimpanzee (Great apes)
Why are chimps are Intelligent –
Chimpanzee is the smartest animal in the world.
Great apes and humans share approximately 98 percent of DNA, which is remarkably similar.
We could say that humans are closer to Chimps genetically than an African elephant is to an Indian elephant.
They live in social communities, and like humans, they can adapt to various environments.
Chimps make and use tools for drinking water, such as rocks to crack up nuts and leaves.
In the human environment, they can play games such as chess or poker very well because of their ability to use game theory.
Chimpanzees are talented in outsmarting, dis-intelligent humans in many tests on the concept.
Chimpanzees have a very strong short-term memory, even stronger than us.
Ayumu, the chimpanzee could remember the precise sequence and placement of the numbers on a monitor after observing it for less than a second.
For us, humans it is almost impossible to do it, even for skilled memory champions.
Chimpanzees have a much better short-term memory than almost all humans, and can not be underestimated for their intelligence!
They use tools, organize their hunting strategies, interact with each other to reinforce bonds (sometimes sexually) and engage in violent acts groups.
Chimpanzees can show empathy, altruism, and self-awareness in field observations and lab experiments.